Tag Archives: photography

Digital Camera Know How: Introduction to Scene Modes

One of the great things about digital cameras is all the creative controls they include. Unfortunately one of the downsides is learning all of those controls.  For new photographers the multiple options seem confusing and hard to get a handle on. A good and easy place to begin is to learn about camera scene modes.

Scene modes are pre-set exposure settings that are useful for getting creative with your digital camera. Scene Modes automatically generate camera settings which are ideal for specific photo situations.  They are great tool for novice and advanced photographers. Invest the time to get familiar with them.

Advice for photographers, regardless of type of digital camera.  Scene modes can be found on Dslr’s, point and shoot, tablet and smartphone digital cameras. Example photo of point and shoot camera by photographer Dan Splaine used to illustrate his photo how-to articles, photo workshops and photo education program.  ©2013 Daniel J. Splaine – All Right ReservedEvery type  of digital camera ( point and shoots, digital SLR, and smartphones) have many scene modes built into their menus. Take a look at your camera manual to find the variety your camera has available. Most cameras have ten or more scene mode to work with.  Each pre-set of the exposure setting combinations are designed to produce visual effect that is ideal for the type of subject you are working with.

Listed below are some of the most commonly used scene modes with a short explanation for using them and  how they make photos look.

Macro mode – The best setting for getting great close-up photos. It is excellent for flowers, small objects and capturing the little details we normally miss .  How close you can get to your subject depends on your camera’s particular limits.  Most digital cameras let you get as close as an inch or two from a subject in Macro mode.  This scene mode gives you a truly unique view to photograph with and is one of the most fun modes to experiment with.

Portrait mode – The camera selects a large lens opening (aperture) which has the effect of causing your background to be out of focus.  A portrait subject in sharp focus against an out of focus background keeps them as the center of attention in your photo.  Frame your shot so you are relatively close to your subject with them standing away from the background. To get the best result with the portrait scene mode increase the subject distance from the background.  This is ideal for head and shoulder shots and for full frame faces. Works equally well with people and pet photos!

Landscape mode – A scene mode that gives you the opposite effect that portrait mode does.  Your camera automatically selects a small lens opening  (aperture) which helps keep most or all of your scene in focus.  This is ideal for large vistas and big outdoor scenes. In this mode your foreground right through to your background will be in sharp focus.  Using your wide-angle lens with this mode maximizes this effect  and is an ideal combination for landscape photography.

Sports and action mode -Your best choice for shooting moving objects. In this mode your camera selects a fast exposure time (shutter speed) that has the effect of stopping motion. Photograph people playing sports, running pets or speeding cars in this mode. This is also your best choice when taking photographs when you are in motion, like riding on a boat or from a moving train.

Night portrait mode – Ideal for taking people photos in low light and dark conditions. Your camera automatically select s a long exposure time (shutter speed) in combination with firing your flash when you take the shot.  The slow shutter speed  helps gather details in the dark background and the flash lights your subject near the camera.  It is best to use a tripod or some other support to keep your camera steady when making this type of shot.  This mode is another fun setting to experiment with and a great way to make some very original photographs.

Movie mode -Adds a whole new level  of creativity to your image making.  Most digital cameras have the ability to capture still and motion pictures.  Having the ability to shoot movies and combine them with all the still photos (you shoot in the other scene modes)  really expands your storytelling  and creative photography options.

This is review of some of the most common digital camera scene modes. Your camera will likely have ten or more of these settings to choose from. If you are in a unique setting and you do not  know what settings to you use, simply select the automated scene mode that  matches your scene and shoot away.  But  knowing how to use this feature of your camera you will be ready to make some great shots no matter what subject you are photographing.

Use scene modes as insurance and for a starting point for getting creative with your digital camera. If you come upon a difficult scene , like a snowy landscape for example, make few shots in the Snow Scene Mode for reference. Review the shots on your camera display and note the exposure combination the camera selected for this type of scene. Move to a less automated exposure mode and compare your results with reference shots. Modify your exposure settings to the baseline.

Close-up photo of a bee on a flower made with appoint and shoot digital camera using the macro scene mode.   Example photo by photographer Dan Splaine used to illustrate his photo how-to articles, photo workshops and photo education program.  ©2013 Daniel J. Splaine – All Right Reserved

ABOUT THE AUTHOR:  Photographer and photo educator Dan Splaine has more than thirty years experience producing photography for public relations, marketing and editorial clients  Based in Nashua, NH he provides commercial photography services in studio and at client locations all over the world. Dan mentors and teaches aspiring photographers, and he presents a program of digital photography workshops and photography tours for adults throughout New England.  For more information about his photo education program go to the photo workshop and tour schedule page.

Street Photography: Street Photo Tips for Nervous Beginner Photographers

Are you a reluctant street photographer, the other kind of camera shyness? Here are street photo tips  to help.

You love documentary style photos.  You really dig the work of the great photographers that preceded you.  You want to go out and make your own street photography but your nerves are getting the better of you.  Photographing in public, especially of people is intimidating.  So how do you get over your nervous gitters and get out on the streets with your camera? Here are some street photo tips that may help you get over your fears.

I have over thirty years experience wandering the planet and capturing candid moments and making street photos in dozens of countries and cultures.  From that experience I have learned a few tricks for better street photography that are useful for the reluctant and inexperienced.  
 

What is street photography?


Example of street photography created by commercial photographer Dan Splaine from one of his international photography assignments.  This scene was made on the streets of Mysore India. This article includes street photo tips for beginner photographers.  ©2013 Daniel J. Splaine  - All Rights Reserved

There is some argument in photography circles about  the definition of street photography.  We’ll go with a broad, open interpretation. Street photography is a form of documentary photography that is typically shot in public places. The images made are candid observations that capture “slice of life” moments.  The genre takes many forms.  Portraits, photography of crowds or found objects all fall into this category.
 
Some street photo tips for novice photographers
 
First step simplify.  Cut down on the amount of photo gear you use.  Select a single lens to work with and leave the camera bag at home or camouflage it in your purse or knapsack.  The less gear, the less likely potential subjects will notice you.  Use a smaller, point and shoot camera to really cut down on drawing attention with your gear.
Think like a hunter.  The most successful hunters  are those that are not observed by their prey.  The more incognito you are, the more fluid you are with your camera operation, the more success you will have with street photography.  Noisy hunters go hungry. Stealthy photographers get the best shots when unnoticed.
Start with inanimate objects.  Photography of strangers on the street is fraught with challenges.  Document the details of the place you are exploring and avoid people at first.  Get the hang of shooting on the fly, of finding interesting subject arrangements and making strong images.  Avoid shooting people  until your skills and confidence are ready.
 
Look for dynamic moments.  Rather than shooting a lot frames and hoping to get lucky.  Wait for the apex of action as it occurs in your frame and then take the shot. Street photography relies on good timing for creating the most  compelling images . Pay homage to one of the greatest street photographers of all time, Henri Cartier Bresson and find the “decisive moment”.
 
Work with your light.  As you explore your streets and urban environs pay attention to the direction of your light resources.  Pick a direction of travel  and observation that goes with the direction of your light (sunshine coming over your shoulder).
 
Begin in a familiar place.  Work a location that is well-known to you and that you are comfortable in.   Don’t wait until you are in some far away , foreign location to begin your street photography pursuit.  Practice in you own town or nearby cities. It is easier to develop  your skill, observation powers and timing  without dealing with the stresses of an unknown setting.
 
Work at a distance. Use  telephoto lens to put some distance between you and your scene.  Observe  your subjects from a little further away at first.  Get closer as your confidence grows.
 
Work at being a street photographer and you may one day you will be able to walk up to perfect stranger, in a foreign land , that does not speak your language, and get them to happily be a subject for your photography.   
Want to learn more about photography?  Attend one of my photo workshops or photo tours.  Sign – up for to receive our photo tips and workshop information by email.
Example of street photography created by commercial photographer Dan Splaine from one of his international photography assignments.  This scene was made on the streets of Mysore India. This article includes street photo tips for beginner photographers.  ©2013 Daniel J. Splaine  - All Rights Reserved
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:  Photographer and photo educator Dan Splaine has more than thirty years experience producing photography for public relations, marketing and editorial clients. His company TEST of TIME PHOTOGRAPHY based in Nashua, NH provides commercial photography services in studio and at client locations all over the world. Dan is a photo educator and he presents a program of digital photography workshops and photography tours for adults throughout New England.  For more information about his photo education program go to the photo workshop and tour schedule page.

Join me In Nashua, NH for the Scott Kelby Worlwide PhotoWalk – Oct. 5, 2013

I am the organizer for the Nashua, New Hampshire gathering of the 2013 Scott Kelby Worldwide Photowalk.  This is an annual event that involves more than 15, 000 photographers in over 900 cities worldwide. (with many more joining every day.)   We will spend a  few hours exploring the Millyard district of downtown Nashua with our cameras and then we will gather at a local pub for some social fun. I hope you will join us!

Join us on October 5, 2013 in Nashua, Nh for the Scott Kelby Worldwide Photowalk

This is free event that is open to photographers of all skill levels.  We already have over 30  people signed up so make sure you REGISTER TODAY. This will be a great chance to meet other photographers, and to have some fun in downtown Nashua.

Our edition of the photowalk will start at the French Mill Worker memorial statue along the Nashua River (Water Street parking lot) at 2:30 PM on October 5.   We will wander along the banks of the river, into the mill yards and around the downtown area.  My studio is located in the Picker Building which is in the heart of the old mills and I am very familiar with the photo opportunities we can discover here.

You can enter the photography that you make during this event  into a photo competition with plenty of prizes up for grabs.  For a good explanation check out this video with Scott Kelby which provides the background about the photowalk and more details.

Link to Scott Kelby Worldwide Photowalk VIDEO

This is one of the many activities that I organize for photographers  here in Nashua, NH and throughout New England.  Make sure you got to my schedule page to see my latest photography workshops and photographer tours.  And please sign-up for my email list so I can keep you in the loop about other photo events.

 

REGISTER TODAY!